Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer, born on 28 August, 1749 in Frankfurt, Germany. His works cut across different genres and include but are not limited to epic and lyric poetry, an autobiography, prose and verse dramas, four novels, literary and aesthetic criticisms, memoirs, treatises on botany, anatomy, and colours. Johann Wolfgang was also credited for writing numerous scientific and literary fragments, over 10,000 letters, and producing almost 3,000 drawings. Johann had already become a literary celebrity by the age of 25 because of the success of his first novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther. He was notably a pioneer of the “Sturm und Drang” literary movement. During the 1790s, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship, Johann’s second novel and the Hermann and Dorothea (verse epic) were published. The first part of his most popular drama, Faust came out in 1808. Johann’s main passion was drawing but he quickly became interested in literature. His early literary favorites were Homer and Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock. He was actively keen on theatre and greatly admired the puppet shows that were organized in his home every year, a familiar subject-matter in his book, Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship. Johann also liked reading from the great works about religion and history and religion. From 1765 to 1768, Goethe pursued law at Leipzig University. He didn’t really like memorizing legal cases, instead he preferred attending the poetry lessons given by Christian FürchtegottGellert. While at the university, he fell in love with a lady named Anna Katharina Schönkopf and produced lively verses about her according to Rococo genre. And in 1770, Goethe secretly released his first collection of poems, Annette. In April 1770 Goethe departed from Frankfurt to finish his studies at the University of Strasbourg. In Strasbourg, Goethe befriended Johann Gottfried Herder who introduce him to Ossian, Shakespeare, and folk poetry. Therefore, on 14 October, 1772, Goethe organized the first German “Shakespeare Day” in his parents’ home. It was a kind of literary awakening for him. After earning a degree in Law, he practiced the profession briefly. But he continued to devote himself to literature and painting while participating in political and cultural activities around him. On 19 October 1806, Goethe eventually married Christiane, his partner of 18 years, in a silent marriage service at the Jakobskirche in Weimar. The couple had already had many children around this time, including their son, Julius August Walter von Goethe In 1832, Goethe passed away in Weimar because of apparent heart failure. Goethe’s most famous literary works

  • The Sorrows of Young Werther
  • Wilhelm Meister’s Apprenticeship
  • Hermann and Dorothea
  • The Roman Elegies
  • The Natural Daughter
  • Faust Part One
  • Elective Affinities
  • The West-Eastern Divan

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