John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa on January 3, 1892 and died on September 2, 1973. J.R.R. Tokein was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high-fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion. He served as the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford and Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College OxFord. Tolkien’s first job after World War I was at the Oxford English Dictionary where he worked mainly on the history and development of words of Germanic origin beginning with the letter W. In 1920, he took up a post as Reader in English Language at the University of Leeds, and became the youngest professor there. In 2008, The Times ranked him sixth on a list of “The 50 greatest British writers since 1945”.Forbes ranked him the 5th top-earning “dead celebrity” in 2009.