Dame Freya Madeline Stark was born in Paris, France on January 31, 1893 and die on May 9, 1993. She was a British explorer and travel writer. During World War I, Stark trained as a VAD and served initially with G.M Trevelyan’s British Red Cross ambulance unit, based at the Villa Trento near Udline. During World War II Stark joined the British Ministry of Information, and contributed to the creation of the propaganda network Ikhwan al Hurriya. She wrote more than two dozen books on her travels in the Middle East and Afghanistan, as well as several autobiographical works and essays. Her collection of books includes East is West, The Valleys of Assassins and other Persian Travels, A Winter in Arabia and Baghdad Sketches.